☆ The Big Burn: Teddy Roosevelt and the Fire that Saved America Ù Download by Ü Timothy Egan

☆ The Big Burn: Teddy Roosevelt and the Fire that Saved America Ù Download by Ü Timothy Egan Best Of The Month, October When Theodore Roosevelt Vacated The Oval Office, He Left A Vast Legacy Of Public Lands Under The Stewardship Of The Newly Created Forest Service Immediately, Political Enemies Of The Nascent Conservation Movement Chipped Away At The Foundations Of The Untested Agency, Lobbying For A Return Of The Land To Private Interests And Development Then, In , Several Small Wildfires In The Pacific Northwest Merge Into One Massive, Swift, And Unstoppable Blaze, And The Forest Service Is Pressed Into A Futile Effort To Douse The Flames Over Firefighters Died Heroically, Galvanizing Public Opinion In Favor Of The Forests With Unexpected Ramifications Exposed In Today S Proliferation Of Destructive Fires Just As He Recounted The Dust Bowl Experience In The Worst Hard Time A National Book Award Winner , The Big Burn Vividly Recreates Disaster Through The Eyes Of The Men And Women Who Experienced It Though This Time Without The Benefit Of First Hand Accounts It S Another Incredible And Incredibly Compelling Feat Of Historical Journalism Jon ForoExclusive Essay The Ghosts Of By Timothy Egan, Author Of The Big BurnNearly A Hundred Years Ago, A Big Piece Of Rocky Mountain High Country Fell To A Fire That Has Never Been Matched In Size, Ferocity, Or How It Changed The Country I Was Drawn To This Fire In Part Because Of Its Mythic Status Among My Fellow Westerners But I Was Reluctant To Try And Tell This Story Because Everyone Who Had Lived Through It Had Gone To Their Grave With The Worst Hard Time, I Could Look Into The Eyes Of People Who Survived The Dust Bowl And Hear Their Stories Firsthand They Were Happy To Pass Them On I Was The Baton With The Big Burn, The Stories Would Have To Come From Ghosts That Fire Burned Million Acres And Five Towns To The Ground In The Hot Sweep Of A Single Weekend It Also Killed Nearly A Hundred People So, My Task Was To Listen To The Dead Those Italian And Irish Immigrant Firefighters In Their Letters Home, Those First Forest Rangers In Memories Collected In Volumes Stashed Away In Mountain Towns, And In The Notes And Diaries Of Two Great Men Who Founded The Forest Service One, Teddy Roosevelt, Is A Voice That Lives Nearly As Loud Today As When He Bestrode The World Stage The Other, Gifford Pinchot, Was Less Known, But His Legacy, Like That Of Roosevelt, Is Everywhere In The Public Land That Americans Now Claim As A Birthright And Whats , Pinchot Himself Was Married To A Ghost For Nearly Years, One Of Thefascinating Things I Found In The Haunt Of The Big BurnPhoto Sophie EganPhotographs From The Big Burn Click To Enlarge President Theodore Roosevelt And John Muir Atop Glacier Point In Yosemite National Park Ranger Ed Pulaski, Whose Actions Saved Many Lives Ranger Joe Halm After The Fire Like Ranger Pulaski, He Helped Save Many LivesMen Standing Amid Downed Timber After The Big Burn Of Young Gifford Pinchot, A Close Friend And Personal Aide Of Roosevelts And The First Chief Of The US Forest ServiceA ForestService Fire Patrol In

A QA With Timothy Egan Q Tell Us Something About That Great FireA Well, It Was The Largest Wildfire In American History, Based On Size In Less Than Two Days, It Torchedthan Three Million Acres, Burned Five Towns To The Ground, And Killed Nearly One Hundred PeopleQ Wow How Big Is Three Million AcresA Imagine If The Entire State Of Connecticut Burned In A Weekend That S What You Have HereQ And Yet In Your Subtitle You Call This The Fire That Saved AmericaA That S Right This Happened In August Next Year Will Be The One Hundredth Anniversary It Came Just After Teddy Roosevelt Had Left Office, And Left A Legacy Of Public Land Nearly The Size Of France But After Roosevelt Was Gone From Washington, In , The Forest Service, The Stewards Of His Legacy, Came Under Attack Gilded Age Money Wanted The Rangers Gone, The Land Placed In Private Hands Enemies In Congress Were Constantly Sniping At The Young Agency And People Out West Were Suspicious Of The Value Of Teddy S Green Rangers, As They Called Them They Thought They Were All College Boys, Softies, City KidsQ So How Did The Fire Change That ImageA It Made Heroes Almost Mythic Heroes Of The Young Men Who Led Platoons Of Firefighters Into A Sea Of Flames The Government Had Marshaled Ten Thousand People, An Army Of Young Men, Immigrants, And Volunteers, To Fight The Fire It Was The First Large Scale Effort To Battle A Wildfire In US History The Big City Daily Newspapers Here And Abroad Covered It Like A War The Firefighters Failed, Because The Big Burn Was So Big And Moved So Quickly But They Succeeded In One Respect It Turned The Tide Of Public Opinion, And Roosevelt S Great Crusade Was Saved But At An Awful Cost Those Men Should Never Have Died The Fire Was A Once In A Century Force Of Nature, And Nothing Could Have Stopped ItQ How SoA The Fire Moved Faster Than A Horse At Full Gallop It S Been Estimated That It Consumed Enough Trees To Build A City The Size Of Chicago And It Burned At Nearly , Degrees Fahrenheit In Spots, Incinerating The Ground Down To Bedrock No Army Of Bedraggled Men With Shovels And Picks Could Stop ThatQ After Writing A Book About The Dust Bowl, What Drew You To A Fire From A I Guess I M Working My Way Through The Elements, Going From Dust To Fire Narrative History, Basically Just Storytelling, Is Such A Thrill To Develop You Relive Several Lives Through This Drama You Inhabit Their Time Like The Worst Hard Time, This Book Follows A Dual Track Story And Several Real Life People Through This EventQ How Did You Hear About The Great FireA I Ve Heard About The Big Burn Since I Was A Little Kid, Camping In Montana And Idaho With My Family It Had This Larger Than Life Status And Then, As A New York Times Reporter Covering The West And Many Wildfires, I Found That This Fire Was A Sacred TextQ What Surprised You About The StoryA I Think It Was Voltaire Who Said History Never Repeats Itself, But Man Always Does As With The Story I Tried To Tell In The Worst Hard Time, Here You Have A Classic Tale Of Human Beings Against Nature Hubris Plays A Huge Role In The End, Nature Wins, Of Course Nature Always Bats Last, As They Said After The Bay Area Earthquake That Disrupted The World SeriesQ What Else Came As A SurpriseA I Was Hugely Impressed With Roosevelt And His Chief Forester, A Very Strange And original American Now Nearly Lost To Our History Named Gifford Pinchot These Were Two Easterners, Born Into Wealth, Who Crusaded A Century Ago For The Progressive Era Idea That A Democracy And Public Land Were Inextricably Linked They Always Talked About Land Belonging To The Little Guy It Was A Radical Idea Then, At A Time When The Gulf Between The Rich And Poor Was Never Greater Roosevelt And Pinchot Were Both Traitors To Their Class, In That Sense And Both Were How To Say This Odd PeopleQ What Do You Mean By ThatA I Mean It In A Positive Sense They Went Skinny Dipping Together In The Potomac, Boxed And Wrestled, Climbed Rocks And Rode Horses Through Rock Creek Park, All While At The Pinnacle Of Power, While Hatching These Conservation Ideals And Pinchot, The Founding Forester, On Top Of Everything Else, Was Married To A Ghost A Dead Woman, A True Spiritual Union For Nearly Twenty YearsQ What Was That All AboutA He Was A Quirky Guy, Very Smart But Also Very SpiritualQ And Teddy Roosevelt, Did He Live Up To The Image Carved On Mount RushA More So He Was Such Amultitasker A Presidential Polymorph He Wrote Something Like Fifteen books Before The Age Of Forty He Climbed The Matterhorn After Doctors Told Him He Was Doomed To A Sickly, Indoors Life And He Took On The Entrenched, Powerful Moguls And Politicians Of The Gilded AgeQ So The Story You Tell Is Really Two Stories, As You Mentioned Earlier The Founding Of American Conservation And How This Fire Saved ItA Precisely I M Always Interested In The Collision Between Man And Nature But Again, What Struck Me As Unusual In This Case Was How The Collision Preserved Something Bigger,lasting The Idea Of Conservation ItselfQ So The Fire Was A Good ThingA I Don T Think The Families Who Lost Their Loved Ones Would Say That I Try To Focus On Five Or So People Who Faced This Beast On The Ground You Know, History Is Not Always About Great Men It S Also About People In The Margins, Who Rarely Get Recognition, Who Make It Turn And In This Case, You Had Some Italian And Irish Immigrants, A Tough Female Homesteader, Some African American Soldiers, Some Brave And Young Forest Rangers All Of Whom Were Heroes, As Important To How This Fire Changed History As Were Roosevelt And PinchotQ Aside From The Conservation Legacy, Why Is A Fire From A Hundred Years Ago Important TodayA We Re Entering An Age Of Catastrophic Wildfires, So The Experts Say Big Parts Of The West Will Burn Over The Next Decade In Those Forests You Have All This Fuel Built Up Dead And Dying Trees The Land Wants To Burn, Perhaps Needs To Burn A Big Part Of The Reason Why Goes Back To The Big Burn I Don T Want To Give Away A Story Twist, But Youll See Late In The Book That Another Lesson Perhaps Tragic, Certainly Misguided Was Taken Away From The Big Burn It S With Us In A Very Big WayQ How, SpecificallyA We Re Seeing Bigger, Hotter, Longer, Earlier Wildfires Around The Country Today, And Much Of Them Can Be Traced To The Wrong Lessons Of The Big Burn Firefighting Now Accounts For Nearly Half Of The Forest Service Budget This Was Not What Roosevelt Had In MindStarred Review Egan, National Book Award Winner For The Worst Hard Time, Spins A Tremendous Tale Of Progressive Era America Out Of The Blaze That Burned Across Montana, Idaho And Washington And Put The Fledgling US Forest Service Through A Veritable Trial By Fire Underfunded, Understaffed, Unsupported By Congress And President Taft And Challenged By The Robber Barons That Taft S Predecessor, Theodore Roosevelt, Had Worked So Hard To Oppose, The Forest Service Was Caught Unprepared For The Immense Challenge Egan Shuttles Back And Forth Between The National Stage Of Politics And The Conflicting Visions Of The Nation S Future, And The Personal Stories Of The Men And Women Who Fought And Died In The Fire Rangers, Soldiers, Immigrant Miners Imported From All Over The Country To Help The Firefighting Effort, Prostitutes, Railroad Engineers And Dozens Others Whose Stories Are Painstakingly Recreated From Scraps Of Letters, Newspaper Articles, Firsthand Testimony, And Forest Service Records Egan Brings A Touching Humanity To This Story Of Valor And Cowardice In The Face Of A National Catastrophe, Paying Respectful Attention To Roosevelt S Great Dream Of Conservation And Of An America For The Little Man Oct Copyright Reed Business Information, A Division Of Reed Elsevier Inc All Rights Reserved

Timothy Egan

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