Í Read Ï The Mismeasure of Man by Stephen Jay Gould ê izmirescort.pro

Í Read Ï The Mismeasure of Man by Stephen Jay Gould ê When Published In , The Mismeasure of Man Was Immediately Hailed As A Masterwork, The Ringing Answer To Those Who Would Classify People, Rank Them According To Their Supposed Genetic Gifts And LimitsYet The Idea Of Biology As Destiny Dies Hard, As Witness The Attention Devoted To The Bell Curve, Whose Arguments Are Here So Effectively Anticipated And Thoroughly Undermined In This Edition, Stephen Jay Gould Has Written A Substantial New Introduction Telling How And Why He Wrote The Book And Tracing The Subsequent History Of The Controversy On Innateness Right Through The Bell Curve Further, He Has Added Five Essays On Questions Of The Bell Curve In Particular And On Race, Racism, And Biological Determinism In General These Additions Strengthen The Book S Claim To Be, As Leo J Kamin Of Princeton University Has Said, A Major Contribution Toward Deflating Pseudo Biological Explanations Of Our Present Social Woes Intellectually fraudulent, utterly ignorant of modern intelligence research, politically biased.
This book is a political document, not a popular science book Unfortunately, the book is an example of dishonest cherry picking of findings and selective omission of studies that would ruin the story Gould tries to construct Ironically, Gould commits the same crime he accuses the racist scientists of selective bias.
There is no scientific honesty in this book, and as a consequence, Gould gives ammo to those he tries to discredit and disarm Irony once again.
Maybe this topic should be left untouched, as there is great potention for harm associated with it That is my own personal conclusion after pursuing the primary literature on the topics raised by Gould.
Before a proper summation can be given, one first has to understand the Why of The Mismeasure of Man The Why being hundreds of years of conservative, white folk do well because they re smartest ideology supported by science , and the recent belief in the existence of an inherited IQ number by which all humans can be ranked, culminating in The Bell Curve, by Herrnstein and Murray 1994 It is a book that asserts poor people are, in short, intellectually inferior to the non poor, and thus can never rise above their status barring some fluke to achieve the success that wealthier people enjoy.
The book was roundly criticized as sloppy, statistically inaccurate, and pandering to a conservative audience that wanted to believe the poor were not worth the money spent on them, with Gould as one of its loudest critics.
In sum, Gould s book is an admonishment of ideology beh Gould is a good person and an excellent thinker This is a call to scientists to examine their own biases and it is a demolishment of centuries of racist genetic testing It s also such a pleasure to read someone who is a sound thinker and can write logically I know some of his debunkings i.
e Morton have since been debunked, but that does nothing to diminish the importance of this work Also, he notes that racist science tends to proceed from movements demanding equality And so it is that the likes of Murray joined by a bunch of other people are once again advancing the guard of IQ determinism I could really use an updated Mismeasurement of Man right about now The public school system I attended in Park Ridge, Illinois had us taking standardized texts several times a year, year after year Iowa Tests, California Testa, PSAT, NMSQT, ACT, SAT etc Some of us, the cooperative ones, got quite good at it and had our choice of colleges We were, we were told, intelligent or, correlatively, not living up to potential.
Beyond the satisfaction of thinking myself smart, however, was an unease It wasn t just that I wasn t particularly good at much of anything except tests, it was because of the segregation of students from one another beginning in elementary school and continuting, with ever greater degrees of discrimination, through junior and senior high schools I couldn t buy it A lot of the kids I was being separated A history of the use of intelligence testing to support racism, sexism, and class boundaries, focusing on two areas 19th century craniometry and 20th century IQ tests The going gets a little heavy in the final chapters when Gould busts out the math, but it s an eye opener, using two specific historical examples to make larger points about the way science, though supposedly neutral, can be warped to enforce existing prejudices When poor Italian immigrants flooded into America in the early 20th century, research suddenly proliferated proving that Italians were a separate, mentally inferior nonwhite race in Britain, studies focused on supporting the innate rightness of the class system and recommending lesser education for poor children Gould s message is ultimately positive that our mental limits are far less relevant than our mental potential.
I m no expert in psychometrics, neuroscience, genetics, education, biology, physiology, psychology, factor analysis, or quantitative methodology I m only a layperson with an interest in literature, humanity, and science So just note that the comments below are offered by a nonprofessional.
My comments on The Mismeasure of Man This book presents an interesting history of various attempts to measure intelligence among groups and attempts to rank groups by innate mental ability Gould argues, essentially, that such attempts are useless and unfounded because intelligence is not a reified thing, and that preconceived political and social views bias have always plagued efforts to measure intelligence and always will The boo NOTE Feel free to read the full review, but I can sum it up in a fact Gould need only have written the two page epilogue to his book, a concise essay, rather than the remainder of the book In fact, the entire thing is just so much pink fiberglass insulation leading up to the final page of the book Everything he intended to say is there without any jargon or facts and figures As a teacher, I intend to photocopy and teach that page alone Carry on if desired.
I am not a philistine, nor am I stupid, and rare is the book that totally mystifies me It is regrettable, then, that this, which will be placed, in due time, on that narrow metaphorical shelf, bewildered not out of being truly beyond grasping, but rather out of poor presentation and overly technical writing I feel that this is relevant to the aims of this review I quote David Kipen s review of the The Zohar Pritzker E

Stephen Jay Gould

Í Read Ï The Mismeasure of Man by Stephen Jay Gould ê izmirescort.pro Stephen Jay Gould was a prominent American paleontologist, evolutionary biologist, and historian of science He was also one of the most influential and widely read writers of popular science of his generation Gould spent most of his career teaching at Harvard University and working at the American Museum of Natural History in New York.Most of Gould s empirical research was on land snails Gould